Texas livestock Quiz Practice

1) What month of the year is the price of slaughter hogs the highest on average? October
March
December
July


2) The expected yield of a hog with a USDA quality grade of No1 is: 52 to 54.4%
57.4 to 60.3%
60.4% or greater
54.4 to 57.3%


3) Goat meat is marketed under the name: Veal
Venison
Chevon
Mutton


4) Which of the following traits is considered undesirable when judging market lambs? harder handling
early maturing
greater size
heavier muscled


5) About _______ percent of total income from all livestock marketing in the United States comes from the beef industry? 38
24
52
11


6) Which of the following breeds of cattle is NOT primarily white to gray in color? White Park
Charolais
Limousin
Chianina


7) A method of animal identification that is a puncture in the skin of numbers or letters is known as: tattoo
freeze brand
hot brand
eartag


8) A cattle producer that produces breeding stock including bulls and females for cow-calf operations is commonly called a: seedstock/purebred breeder
feedyard manager
stocker operator
commercial cattleman


9) The most important factor when formulating a ration for livestock is: size of the animal
total digestive nutrients
feed cost
availability of feed


10) Which hormone is responsible for the masculine appearance in animals? Testosterone
Progesterone
Masterone
Estrogen


11) Sheep are a major enterprise in the _________ area of the United States. southern
western
northern
eastern


12) Which Medium Wool breed was developed in the United States? Montadale
Southdown
Hampshire
Dorset


13) A permanent change in the genotype of an offspring from that of its parents. mutation
mitosis
dominance
heterosis


14) Which breed of medium wool sheep has the characteristics of white ears, face, nose, and legs? Hampshire
Southdown
Shropshire
Dorset


15) Feed additives in swine rations that control internal parasites are: amino acids
vitamins
antibiotics
anthelmintics


16) Which trait in beef cattle has the highest heritability estimate? Yearling weight
Rib eye area
Weaning weight
Carcass weight


17) A breed of cattle that originated in Scotland that has a smooth hair coat, black in color, polled, and is one of the most popular breeds in the United States today: Gelbvieh
Polled Hereford
Angus
Devon


18) Which of the following minerals is categorized as a macro mineral? Zinc
Iodine
Manganese
Calcium


19) Which state produces the most hogs? Iowa
Illinois
Texas
Oklahoma


20) A method of animal identification that uses very low temperature to change pigment color of the skin is: notching
freeze brand
hot brand
tattoo


21) Bacterial disease that affects both sheep and goats when the animal has a woundSymptoms include stiffness, rigid jaw, and inability to eat. Blue Tounge
Tetanus
Enterotoxemia
Vibriosis


22) One common characteristic between Yorkshire, Landrace, and Chester Whites is: terminal qualities
color
maternal qualities
ear shape


23) The tube that carries air to an animal's lungs. esophagus
turbinate
trachea
epidermal


24) Yearlings are feeder calves between one and two years old weighing about ____________ pounds. 100-250
550-700
400-550
250-400


25) When evaluating swine performance data, litter weights are adjusted to a standard of how many days? 21 days
15 days
28 days
12 days